Barge of Pharaoh Cheops - 2,500 BC
rebuilt vessel, 142 feet long and 19 feet wide, is seen bow
on. The framework enclosing the cabin may have provided a form
of air conditioning by supporting dampened reed mats.
diagrammatic overview pinpoints the canopy at the bow and a
stubby gangplank at the waist. Cutaway sections reveal the inner
structure, and an overturned portion of deck planking shows
its ribbed structure.
Egyptian shipbuilders made Cheops' barge watertight by weaving
grass ropes through seam holes in the hull planking; when wet,
the ropes shrunk, the planks and batterns swelled, and the seams
closed. Ribs were laid on top of the planks, and stanchions
were fastened to the ribs to support a beam. The beam, in turn,
held perpendicular deck beams.
The Ancient Mariners Time Life Books